Marcos E. García-Ojeda, a professor of molecular and cell biology, answers five questions about viruses.
Editor’s note: The coronavirus, which has claimed more than 51,000 lives worldwide and sickened 1,001,069 most likely originated in bats, most experts believe. From bats, the virus “jumped” to another species, likely pangolins, and then to humans. Why didn’t the virus make bats or pangolins sick? As it turns out, viruses are complicated – in addition to sometimes being deadly.
The family Coronaviridae contains about 39 different species of coronaviruses. Of these, only seven coronaviruses have been reported to infect and cause disease in people. Four coronaviruses cause mild symptoms similar to the common cold, but three coronaviruses cause severe and possibly deadly infections: the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), and now, SARS-CoV2, which is responsible for the current coronavirus disease COVID-19.
SARS-CoV2 is a cousin of the coronavirus that caused SARS, having about 79 percent similarity in its genetic makeup. Though similar, these two viruses are not the same, and their disease manifestations are different. SARS was recognized at the end of February 2003 in China. Worldwide, 8,098 people became sick with SARS and 774 died, with the disease having a mortality rate of 10 percent.
MERS-CoV was first identified in Saudi Arabia in September 2012. Globally, MERS-CoV was responsible for 2,494 MERS cases and 858 deaths, with a mortality rate of 37 percent.
The ongoing SARS-CoV2 epidemic and the rate of infection and mortality seem different than both SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. As of April 1, the U.S. has 215,344 Covid-19 cases. It seems that SARS-CoV2 is less deadly than the other two coronavirus strains, but it is more contagious.
Aggressive diseases like SARS give rise to epidemics – outbreaks where the number of new cases flares up rapidly in a region. Effective, evidence-based public health measures reduce the number of new patients infected, until these aggressive diseases are controlled. In contrast, an endemic disease is constantly present in a certain geographic region. A good example of an endemic disease is malaria, which is constantly present in tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Latin America.
The 2003 SARS epidemic was controlled by a combination of effective international surveillance methods and local, evidence-based public health measures. International surveillance systems alerted the authorities of the emergence of a novel disease, helping set up guidance for travelers, airlines and crew. It also set in motion a global response that prevented the spread of the disease, and helped the local public health efforts to identify and quarantine infected people. Effectively, this combined response prevented SARS from becoming endemic.
By July 2003, four months from the onset of the outbreak, human-to-human transmission of SARS had stopped.
The majority of new diseases affecting humans are zoonotic, meaning that they originate in wild animals (mostly mammals) and then cross over to people. Among mammals, bats have a higher number of zoonotic viruses. These viruses might cause mild to no symptoms in bats. People and animals interacting with bats (or their urine, feces or saliva) might catch these zoonotic viruses and then spread them to other animals or people.
The trapping of wild animals for pets, food or medicinal purposes puts wild animals like bats in close contacts with other animals and people. That is what happened in the previous two coronavirus outbreaks. In the 2003 outbreak, the SARS coronavirus jumped from bats to civets being sold as food in a market, and then from civets to people. In the MERS outbreak, the MERS coronavirus jumped from bats to camels and from camels to people. As a result of the COVID-19 epidemic, China placed a permanent ban on wild animal markets.
Bats are pretty incredible animals. They are the only mammals that fly. Scientists have linked the genetic modifications associated with flight with beneficial modifications to the bat’s immune system. For example, the bat’s immune system fights viral infections but does not overreact to them, preventing bats from falling ill from the many viruses they have.
The outcome of a virus infecting an animal depends on two general factors: The first is how strong, or virulent, is the strain of the virus. The second is the effectiveness of the infected animal’s immune defenses. Initially, a virus might be highly lethal to animals. Rapidly killing its host is not beneficial to the virus because it limits the virus’s capacity to spread to other animals. Therefore, the virus become less virulent with time. On the other hand, animals sensitive to the virus die quickly, while animals with inherited resistance to the virus survive, passing that resistance to their offspring. This combination of events, over a large period of time, results in an equilibrium where the animal’s immune system is able to control a virus infection without completely eradicating it. In people, this type of equilibrium could be observed with herpes infections.
The views expressed are solely those of the author and may or may not reflect those of Consortium News.
There is something the media and the politicos are not telling us. Something does not jive. Let’s throw some science into the equation and see what comes up, no?
March 31, 2020
Below is a video of Dr. Wolfgang Wodarg, is an internist, pulmonologist, social doctor, doctor of hygiene and environmental medicine and was for many years head of a health department. From 1994 to 2009 he was a Member of Parliament for the SPD in the Bundestag and their initiator and spokesman of the Enquetekommission Ethics and Law of Modern Medicine. He was also Deputy Chairman of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and Chairman of the Subcommittee on Health. Now he works as a university teacher in Berlin and Flensburg and on a voluntary basis as a board member at Transparency International Germany. (source)
What he say’s is interesting, given his expertise in the field of viruses and medicine, it really makes you think about some things, and there’s nothing wrong with thinking.
Update (1135ET): It seems that Mr. Plummer made a habit of getting the biological material he was working on “stolen,” as we found a report from 2009 in the Winnepeg Free Press that details the theft of 22 vials of biological material was “confirmed by scientific director Dr. Frank Plummer.”
Plummer, allegedly, alerted authorities to the missing material on the same day a former vaccine researcher was arrested by FBI special agents after U.S. Customs discovered the vials stuffed in a glove in the trunk of his car at the Manitoba-North Dakota border crossing.
Some of the vials included genes from the deadly Ebola virus, but local scientists say the material is not infectious.
But more than a week after the theft came to light, police said no one from the lab has reported the incident.
Plummer has said the researcher signed a form declaring he did not steal anything from the lab and understood he was not allowed to. The national lab does not conduct searches of staff when they exit the lab and does not routinely take inventory of the thousands of vials containing non-infectious biological substances.
However, court documents allege the former researcher stole the vials on his last day of work at the virology lab in January because “he did not want to start his research over from the beginning when he entered into his next fellowship” with the National Institutes of Health at the Biodefense Research Laboratory in Maryland.
All very curious.
* * *
As GreatGameIndia.com detailed earlier, in a very strange turn of events, renowned scientist Frank Plummer who received Saudi SARS Coronavirus sample and was working on Coronavirus (HIV) vaccine in the Winnipeg based Canadian lab from where the virus was smuggled by Chinese Biowarfare agents and weaponized as revealed in GreatGameIndia investigation, has died in mysterious conditions.
Frank Plummer was the key to the Chinese Biological Espionage case at Winnipeg’s National Microbiology Laboratory.
According to CBC, Plummer, 67, was in Kenya, where he was a keynote speaker at the annual meeting of the University of Nairobi’s collaborative centre for research and training in HIV/AIDS/STIs.
Dr. Larry Gelmon, who helped set up that meeting, said Plummer collapsed and was taken to hospital in Nairobi, where he was pronounced dead on arrival.
No confirmed cause of death has yet been released.
Plummer was born and raised in Winnipeg, where he headed up Canada’s National Microbiology Laboratory for several years.
He was also involved in an innovative research partnership between the University of Manitoba and the University of Nairobi, established before the world was very aware of HIV/AIDS.
“He helped to identify a lot of the key factors that are involved in HIV transmission in the early days,” said Keith Fowke, a professor in the medical microbiology and infectious diseases department at the University of Manitoba.
“He was so hopeful that he was on the path that would end with discovery of the HIV vaccine — the road he had started down almost 30 years ago,” said Plummer’s colleague, Dr. Allan Ronald.
What is not mentioned in the CBC report however is that Plummer worked in the same National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) in Winnipeg, Canada from where Chinese Biowarfare agent Xiangguo Qiu and her colleagues smuggled SARS Coronavirus to China’s Wuhan Institute of Virology where it is believed to have been weaponized and leaked.
EXCLUSIVE#Coronavirus Bioweapon Thread
How China Stole Coronavirus From Canada And Weaponized Ithttps://t.co/tc7W2DrmAA
— GreatGameIndia (@GreatGameIndia) January 27, 2020
Infact, as GreatGameIndia reported in our exclusive report on Coronavirus Bioweapon, as Scientific Director Frank Plummer was the one who acquired the SARS Coronavirus sample of the Saudi patient at the NML Winnipeg Lab from Ron Fouchier, a leading virologist at the Erasmus Medical Center (EMC) in Rotterdam, the Netherlands who was sent the virus by Egyptian virologist Dr. Ali Mohamed Zaki who isolated and identified a previously unknown type of Coronavirus from the Saudi patient’s lungs.
Fouchier sequenced the virus from a sample sent by Zaki using a broad-spectrum “pan-coronavirus” real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method to test for distinguishing features of a number of known coronaviruses known to infect humans.
This Coronavirus sample arrived at Canada’s NML Winnipeg facility on May 4, 2013 from the Dutch lab received by Frank Plummer. The Canadian lab grew up stocks of the virus and used it to assess diagnostic tests being used in Canada. Winnipeg scientists worked to see which animal species can be infected with the new virus.
Research was done in conjunction with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency’s national lab, the National Centre for Foreign Animal Diseases which is housed in the same complex as the National Microbiology Laboratory.
This Winnipeg based Canadian lab was targeted by Chinese agents in what could be termed as Biological Espionage. The viruses was reportedly stolen from the Canadian lab by Chinese Biowarfare agent Xiangguo Qiu and her colleagues and smuggled to none other than the Wuhan Institute of Virology where the virus is believed to be weaponized and leaked.
Further, Frank Plummer was also working on HIV vaccine and interesting recently published study be Indian scientists found HIV-like injections in Wuhan Coronavirus – the key that made the jump to people possible. The Indian Scientists came under massive online criticism by Social Media experts and were forced to withdraw their study, in retaliation of which now the Indian authorities have opened an investigation against China’s Wuhan Institute of Virology. Although it should be noted that now China has started using HIV vaccine to cure Coronavirus.
Frank Plummer was the key to the entire investigation on the origins of Coronavirus Bioweapon. But will the Canadian government open an investigation into this matter? Unlike their American counterparts who have charged the Chinese Biowarfare agents trying to smuggle deadly viruses from Harvard University, the deatils of the Canadian investigation on the Winnipeg Biological Espionage case is shrouded in secrecy.
A well-known scientist in Hong Kong has warned that the deadly coronavirus rapidly spreading throughout China could infect as many as 150,000 people per day in China’s Chongqing municipality in the next few months.
According to Dr. Gabriel Leung, the chair professor of public health medicine at the University of Hong Kong, the disease could begin infecting 150,000 people per day by April or May this year and could have disastrous effects on the municipality of around 30 million people.
During a Monday press conference, Leung estimated that nearly 26,000 people have been infected in China, which is much higher than the official number of coronavirus cases registered across China as of Monday night: 4,515. Leung also noted that the number of cases could be as high as 44,000 if those who are infected by the virus but are still in the incubation stage are accounted for. The current death toll is at least 107 people, and around 30,000 people are under medical observation, the Asia Times reported.
Leung warned that the epidemic will continue to grow and peak around April or May, affecting many large metropolitan cities including Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou. Leung also predicts that the epidemic will not begin to die down until June or July, adding that the Chinese government’s current “containment” scheme against the virus may not be enough.
Beijing may need to take additional measures such as large-scale and widespread public hygiene campaigns, decreasing the number of people traveling between cities and canceling school classes and public activities, Leung explained. The Chinese government recently ordered all those who have been in Hubei Province where the virus originated not to enter Hong Kong. According to Leung, the Chinese government ought to extend the ban to additional mainland cities.
On Monday, officials in the Chinese city of Tangshan in Hebei Province announced the suspension of all public transit on Tuesday to prevent the spread of the coronavirus within the city, Reuters reported, citing an official statement. Bus services between Beijing and Hebei have also been suspended, according to Reuters.
In Hubei’s capital city of Wuhan, where the coronavirus first appeared in December, residents have been ordered to wear masks and not to leave the city without good reason.
During a briefing Monday, the Citizens’ Press Conference, a group of Hong Kong political activists, urged the Hong Kong government to ban all mainlanders from coming into the city, noting that many travelers may not tell Hong Kong customs officials if they had been to Hubei. Sophia Chan Siu Chee, Hong Kong’s secretary for food and health, noted that customs officials rely on travelers to be honest about their whereabouts, the Asia Times reported.
Zhong Nanshan, a scientist and the head of the special expert commission of China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC), said on Tuesday that the peak of the coronavirus outbreak is expected to take place in seven to 10 days, but there will be no large-scale spread of the infection, Sputnik reported. The NHFPC has also said that the country has all the necessary means and resources to fight the virus.
The virus, which is officially known as 2019-nCoV and is related to the virus that causes sudden acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), first began spreading in Wuhan some time between December 12 and December 29. Some coronavirus cases have also been registered in South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Nepal, Australia, France, Germany, Canada and the United States.
“Imagine this. A big-time doctor from the US Biological Warfare Group waddles into a meeting room, where a collection of Army, CIA, NSA, and DHS representatives sit quietly in their chairs. He says: ‘So I understand you boys want to put on a little domestic bioterror show, to keep the natives from becoming too restless. Well, the first thing you need to know is, germs don’t obey orders. Forget all that sci-fi nonsense. Germs work and they don’t work. It’s a crapshoot. You could have a big fat dud on your hands. I can tell you how to make it work, though, if you give up on your fancy high-tech wet dreams…” (The Underground, Jon Rappoport)
There are future scenarios which, with enough exposure before they’re staged, can be stopped—or at least analyzed correctly when they occur.
A calculated bioterror event is one of those.
The primary fact is: no matter what kind of germ you’re talking about or where it came from, releasing it intentionally does not guarantee predictable results. Far from it.
For instance, people whose immune systems operate at different levels of strength are going to react differently.
The perpetrators may find that less than 2% of people exposed get sick or die.
But there is another strategy that should be understood:
The use of a germ as a cover story for a chemical.
In other words, there is no germ attack. It’s called a germ attack, but that’s a lie. The perps bring in researchers to the affected area, who go on to claim they have isolated a germ that is the cause of death and illness. It’s a sham. What really happened was:
The spread of a toxic chemical that can’t be detected, unless you’re looking for it.
The chemical has severe, deadly, and predictable effects for a week or two. Then it disperses and loses potency and the “epidemic” is done.
In some town, a fairly isolated community, the word goes out that people are suddenly falling ill and dying. The CDC and the Army are called in to cordon off the area and quarantine all citizens. A peremptory announcement is made, early on, that this is a biowar attack.
Major media are allowed outside the periphery. Network news anchors set up on-location and do their wall to wall broadcasts “from the scene.”
The entire nation, the entire world, is riveted on the event, 24/7.
People inside the cordon fall ill and die. Reports emerge from the town:
The networks state that “heroic doctors are taking samples of blood and the blood is being analyzed to find the germ that is causing the epidemic.” The DOD confirms over and over that this is, indeed, a biowar attack.
Human interest stories pile up. This family lost three members, that family lost everybody. Tragedy and horror produce the desired empathic response from “the world community.”
It’s a soap opera, except real people are dying.
The medical cartel promotes fear of the germ.
All controlling entities obtain their piece of the terrorist pie.
Finally, the doctors announce they have isolated the germ causing death in the small town, and researchers are rushing to develop a vaccine (which they produce in record time).
Everyone everywhere must be vaccinated, now. No choice. Do it or be quarantined or jailed.
In this declared martial law situation, the doctors are the heroes. The doctors and the Army. And the government, and even the media.
Then, after a few weeks, when the potency of the secret chemical has dispersed, it’s over.
When you think about it, this scenario is a rough approximation of what happens every day, all over the world, in doctor’s offices. The doctors are prescribing chemicals (drugs) whose effects are far more dangerous than germs that may (or may not) be causing patients to be ill.
In other words, a chem-war attack is being leveled at people all over the world all the time.
See Dr. Barbara Starfield (Johns Hopkins School of Public Health), July 26, 2000, Journal of the American Medical Association, “Is US health really the best in the world?” 106,000 people in America are killed every year by FDA-approved medical drugs. That’s over a million people per decade.
In the wake of a staged “biowar” terror attack, new laws are enacted. The State clamps down harder on basic freedoms. The right to travel is curtailed. Criticizing the authorities is viewed as highly illegal. Freedom of assembly is limited.
“Citizens must cooperate. We’re all in this together.”
A new federal law mandating the CDC schedule of vaccines for every child and adult—no exceptions permitted—is rushed through the Congress and signed by the President.
It’s all based on a lie…in the same way that the disease theory of the medical cartel is based on a lie: the strength of an individual’s immune system is the basic determinant of health or illness, not germs considered in a vacuum.
There are people who are determined to inflate the dangers of germs. They trumpet every “new” germ as the end of humankind on the planet. They especially sound the alarm when researchers claim a germ may have mutated or jumped from animals to humans.
“This is it! We’re done for!”
However, if you check into actual confirmed cases of death from recent so-called epidemics, such as West Nile, SARS, bird flu, Swine Flu, and Ebola, the numbers of deaths are incredibly low.
If political criminals, behind the scenes, wanted to stage a confined “biowar” event, they would choose a chemical, not a germ, and they would leverage such an event to curtail freedom.
Understand: researchers behind sealed doors in labs can claim, with unassailable ease, that they’ve found a germ that causes an outbreak. Almost no one challenges such an assertion.
This was the case, for example, with the vaunted SARS epidemic (a dud), in 2003, when 10 World Health Organization (WHO) labs, walled off from view, in communication with each other via closed circuit, announced they’d isolated a coronavirus as the culprit.
Later, in Canada, a WHO microbiologist, Frank Plummer, wandered off the reservation and told reporters he was puzzled by the fact that fewer and fewer SARS patients “had the coronavirus.” This was tantamount to confessing that the whole research effort had been a failure and a sham—but after a day or so of coverage, the press fell silent.
SARS was a nonsensical farce. Diagnosed patients had ordinary seasonal flu or a collection of familiar symptoms that could result from many different causes.
But the propaganda effort was a stunning success. Populations were frightened. The need for vaccines, in the public mind, was exacerbated.
Several years ago, I spoke with a biologist about the fake bioterror scenario I’ve sketched out above. His comment was: “Do you think any mainstream scientist would dare go into that cordoned-off town and actually check the area for a highly toxic chemical? He’d be blackballed, exiled, and discredited in a minute. The authorities would call him crazy. And that’s if he were lucky.”
Such is “science,” these days. A researcher can discover anything he wants to, if it’s approved. Otherwise, the door is closed.
After 30 years of covering and reporting on deep science fraud, I can tell you that most scientists know, without instructions from above, the dimensions of their “permitted territory.” They can sniff out career danger from a mile away.
GMOs? Roundup? Other toxic pesticides? Climate change? Vaccines? Medical drugs? Diagnostic medical tests? Actual environmental pollution? Mercury? Chemicals in food? Radiation? Nuclear power plants? Fracking? Fluorides? On these and a whole host of other issues, government is centrally involved as a ruling force. And there are armies of compliant scientists ready and willing to carry out preferred government (and corporate) dictates. These scientists already know the answers before the questions are even asked.
Meanwhile, propaganda rivers flow, extolling the glories of science.
It’s a dream situation, for the terminally corrupt.
A huge number of scientists, who don’t actually participate in research fraud, stand back and watch it happen and say nothing. They see the handwriting on the wall in very large letters.
In 1988, while writing my first book, AIDS INC., I interviewed a highly respected virologist at a US university. I mentioned that several molecular biologists were challenging the HIV-causation hypothesis of AIDS. He told me that he and a number of his colleagues were aware that “a serious problem” existed concerning evidence for the hypothesis, but they were all going to “let this one go.” It was too political, he said.
Yes, well, an enormous amount of science turns out to be political.
Keeping one’s head down and letting things go by may not be part of a PhD curriculum, but soon after school is out, researchers enter a different kind of training.
A main theme then pops up: do you want a career, or do you want to live in the middle of nowhere, in exile?
As it so happens, building a broad scientific consensus resting on sand is a straightforward job. It takes time and money, but the work requires no brilliance.
You just flash signs at scientists. The signs say: money; job security; status; advancement; promotion; grants; prestige; reputation; pension; exposure; censure; discrediting; exile; isolation; death.
They get the idea right away.
They would get the idea when a fake bio-attack (that was actually a chemical) occurred. Stay quiet, agree with the authorities.
“Sure, I knew it was a chemical, but I have house payments to make, and my kids are applying to expensive universities…”
Jon Rappoport is the author of three explosive collections, THE MATRIX REVEALED, EXIT FROM THE MATRIX, and POWER OUTSIDE THE MATRIX, Jon was a candidate for a US Congressional seat in the 29thDistrict of California. He maintains a consulting practice for private clients, the purpose of which is the expansion of personal creative power. Nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, he has worked as an investigative reporter for 30 years, writing articles on politics, medicine, and health for CBS Healthwatch, LA Weekly, Spin Magazine, Stern, and other newspapers and magazines in the US and Europe. Jon has delivered lectures and seminars on global politics, health, logic, and creative power to audiences around the world. You can sign up for his free emails at NoMoreFakeNews.com or OutsideTheRealityMachine.
The criticism came from Sergey Naryshkin, who heads Russia’s foreign intelligence agency SVR. He said spies are constantly improving the tool used to dispose of governments that the West does not like.
“We are talking about creating a universal algorithm for conducting clandestine influence operations in a continuous manner and on a global scale,” he said. According to the official, this clandestine work “never stops and targets not only enemies, but also friends and neutral powers in the times of peace, crisis and war.”
It can be compared to the action of a virus; it can spend decades destroying a human organism without symptoms, and once diagnosed, often it’s too late to treat it.
The methods used to influence and destabilize other nations include creating network-oriented structures that can operate on a premise of public activism, art, science, religion or extremism, the Russian official said. After collecting data on the fault lines in a targeted society, those structures are used to attack those weak points in a synchronized assault, overwhelming the nation’s capability to respond to crises.
Simultaneously the perpetrators push a narrative through local and global media and social networks that claims that the only way to resolve problems is to replace the government of the victim nation with another one, possibly with a direct foreign support.
“We can observe this scenario being implemented in Venezuela,” Naryshkin said.
The US is currently trying to replace Venezuela’s elected President Nicolas Maduro with another person, Juan Guaido, whom Washington recognized as the legitimate head of the South American nation.
Among others, the US backs his bid with economic sanctions against Venezuela and a massive diplomatic and media campaign in support of the pretender. Guaido’s attempts to actually seize power in Caracas have been futile, so far.
The Russian intelligence chief was speaking at an international security forum in Ufa, Russia, which is hosted by the Russian National Security Council. The event is meant for officials directly involved in policy making on security issues. Almost 120 nations are participating in this year’s gathering.
Viruses are the IKEA furniture of the living world. In the right kind of cell, a handful of instructions and a few molecular tools can churn out multitudes of infectious Billy bookcases.
No DIY builder wants to travel all over town to gather materials – theoretically, germs shouldn’t be any different. Yet a new discovery suggests at least one category of virus can still pull itself together even if its instructions are split up into separate cells.
A team of researchers from the Université de Montpellier in France recently conducted an experiment on a group of viruses with genomes made up of more than one distinct section.
What they found contradicted some pretty fundamental assumptions about how viruses reproduce.
To understand the weirdness of their discovery, we first need to back up a little to refresh the basics of virus construction. A typical virus is comprised of little more than nucleic acid inside a protective container.
Once smuggled inside a living cell, that nucleic acid sequence is either inserted into the host’s own genetic library or used to coerce the cell’s molecular assembly line into hammering together fresh copies of the virus.
Nearly all viruses encode their genetic blueprints on a length of single- or double-stranded nucleic acid. But some single-stranded DNA viruses described as ‘multipartite’ spread that code across multiple segments, each transmitted in a separate protein box.
It’s like printing an IKEA manual on loose pages, and then forcing you to wait until an inept postal service delivers the full set of instructions. Sure, some people might be lucky enough to receive the full set, but it’s hardly a good business model.
So it seems that by delivering their own pages of genetic instructions this way, multipartite viruses seem to be going about reproduction the hard way. Which prompts questions on why such a bizarre method of reproduction even persists.
But we can’t really dismiss them – a variety of these serialised pathogens infect plants and fungi. Only a couple of years ago, one was found infecting animals for the first time. They’re hardly doomed to extinction.
“The chances of a multipartite virus losing an essential genome segment during transmission are estimated to be so high, its ability to successfully cause an infection has been a long-standing mystery,” says plant pathologist Anne Sicard.
Something in our understanding about how viruses reproduce has to give. Either complete sets of instructions are finding their way into single cells after all, or something unique is going on.
by Jon Rappoport
January 10, 2019
On Monday, I exposed the fact that most “flu” is not the flu.
For example, here is a quite suggestive quote from Peter Doshi’s report, “Are US flu death figures more PR than science?” (BMJ 2005; 331:1412):
“[According to CDC statistics], ‘influenza and pneumonia’ took 62,034 lives in 2001—61,777 of which were attributable to pneumonia and 257 to flu, and in only 18 cases was the flu virus positively identified.”
Today, I want to look at the mind control aspect of this insanity.
If someone says, “You have the flu,” he means you have one thing and other people who have the flu have the same thing.
It is caused by a virus, and everyone who has the flu has that virus.
If you say, “No, the so-called flu could be caused by many different things,” people might appear to agree with you, but they’re still thinking, “The flu is one thing.”
They won’t let go. That’s called mind control.
Person A has a cough, fatigue, headache, and fever. Why? A combination of stress, exposure to cold weather, and contaminated indoor air.
Person B also has cough, fatigue, headache and fever. Why? A combination of junk food, nutritional deficits, and a toxic pain reliever.
Do persons A and B have the same thing?
No, they don’t. If they did, the causes would be the same. And they aren’t.
Now take 10,000 people who have the above list of symptoms. But none of them has the flu virus. Do any of them have the flu? No. Do they all have the same thing? No, because the combination of causes and the precise nature of each cause are not the same from person to person.
If 10,000 people have the flu virus, do they all have the flu? No. People with strong immune systems don’t get sick. People with weak immune systems do get sick. The determining factor is the condition of the immune system, not the presence of the virus. Therefore, the tight equation, “flu virus equals flu,” is false.
Understanding all these factors rearranges the thought process vis-à-vis “the flu.”
“Flu outbreak across America” is a generality. It doesn’t hold together. Once you take it apart, you see something different.
You’re no longer in a state of hypnosis about “the virus.”
“Yes, but all these people getting sick…showing up at hospitals…they must all have the same thing…”
No. They might have similar symptoms, but that doesn’t mean “they have the same thing.”
If you want one factor, which combined with other immune-suppressing factors, might be at work, why not start with the freezing weather across America? That could be a clue. But it’s far from the whole story.
Person C has cough, fatigue, headache, and fever. In his case, it’s caused by a combination of freezing weather, five toxic medicines on his night table at the nursing home, and a forced change of diet that increases the load of empty calories.
Person D has cough, fatigue, headache, and fever. In her case, it’s caused by grief over the loss of a loved one, a bad reaction to the flu vaccine, and a power outage that cut off heat in her home for two days.
And so forth, on and on.
Casually blaming “the virus” is a response dictated by the stimulus of news and government propaganda about “the flu.”
And the propaganda ignores the most important factor: the condition of a person’s own immune system. THAT is a non-medical situation; and increasing the power of one’s own immune response requires something the medical system refuses to recognize—all the actions a person could take under the general banner of “natural health.”
From which the medical system makes zero money.
This is called a clue.
“Let’s see. We can tell people that when they get sick with ‘flu symptoms,’ they have the flu, and it’s all about the virus. Then we can sell flu vaccines and drugs like crazy. OR we can tell them these so-called flu symptoms come from different combinations of causes, which in many cases are environmental and should be identified—and most importantly, we can tell them they need to strengthen their immune systems through ‘natural’ methods—and then we make no money and go out of business and end up pumping gas in Death Valley. Hmm. Which choice do we make? Let’s take a vote…”
(To read about Jon’s mega-collection, The Matrix Revealed, click here.)
The author of three explosive collections, THE MATRIX REVEALED, EXIT FROM THE MATRIX, and POWER OUTSIDE THE MATRIX, Jon was a candidate for a US Congressional seat in the 29th District of California. He maintains a consulting practice for private clients, the purpose of which is the expansion of personal creative power. Nominated for a Pulitzer Prize, he has worked as an investigative reporter for 30 years, writing articles on politics, medicine, and health for CBS Healthwatch, LA Weekly, Spin Magazine, Stern, and other newspapers and magazines in the US and Europe. Jon has delivered lectures and seminars on global politics, health, logic, and creative power to audiences around the world. You can sign up for his free NoMoreFakeNews emails here or his free OutsideTheRealityMachine emails here.
I only took the flu shot once, over 20 years ago. That year I did not get the flu, but months later I developed that one month cough. It was horrific and that was the last time I took that poison. Never had the flu since.
by: Isabelle Z.
Friday, January 11, 2019
(Natural News) A cough can be rather annoying, especially when it keeps you up at night, but you can usually take comfort from knowing that it tends to run its course rather quickly and you’ll be back to normal in no time. Unfortunately, a new virus is going around that is turning what is normally a week-long nuisance into a month-long nightmare – and speculation abounds regarding its origin.
Physicians around the nation are reporting a spike in cases of people suffering from a very unusual cough. It’s caused by a virus and it’s lasting anywhere from four to six weeks – and in some cases, even longer.
One doctor, Texas Health Dallas’s Dr. Gary Gross, says he has been seeing at least a patient a day suffering from the virus, and he lamented the fact that it lasts so long without seeming to get better.
Dr. Gross told CBS DFW that the virus has no quick fix. Patients have no choice but to let it run its course, although some medications can help soothe the cough somewhat. Patients are advised to get plenty of sleep as well as lots of fluids.
Emergency medicine specialists in Cincinnati have warned the public about the virus, which they say has caused a surge in patients presenting with upper respiratory symptoms such as a cough, congestion, and shortness of breath.
Bethesda North Hospital’s Dr. Kenneth Patton describes the difficulties patients with the virus experience in breathing, saying: “They are retracting, their ribs are doing a lot of work. You can see their neck muscles, you can really see that they are having a hard time breathing.”
Patients’ biggest complaint, however, is the duration, with many people stuck in bed for weeks. Avoiding the virus is a matter of washing your hands frequently and keeping your distance from people who are sick. Once you get it, however, you’ll simply have to wait it out.
Naturally, any time a new virus like this emerges seemingly out of nowhere, it’s hard not to wonder if it could be part of a depopulation bioweapon experiment.
Plant Pathology Professor Dr. Cyril Broderick has stated his belief that the Ebola virus was manufactured and then released intentionally in Africa as a weaponized virus. Other experts agreed with his theory. Meanwhile, in the wake of the Zika outbreak, governments in Latin America urged women to avoid pregnancy because of the potential for birth defects.
The idea that depopulation efforts are underway is bolstered by the ongoing push toward reducing human populations in the name of somehow saving the planet from “global warming” and the testing of vaccines and experimental drugs in African nations. Influential names like Bill Gates have openly declared that reducing the human population could help “save” the planet, and The New York Times recently printed an editorial arguing that the end of humanity would actually be a good thing for the planet.
There’s also the fact that pharmaceutical companies have a lot to gain in the wake of such outbreaks by developing new vaccines and drugs. In fact, a team of researchers at California’s Scripps Research Institute have engineered a deadly new bird flu strain that can infect humans on the pretense of learning what such a virus could do in order to prepare for it. The mutations they’ve created allow the virus to make its way into human lung cells. What could possibly go wrong?
When you pay attention to everything that is going on in the world today, it’s not a stretch to question whether depopulation efforts are behind viruses that emerge mysteriously and suddenly affect a significant number of people.
Sources for this article include:
“The risk of cross-border transmission was assessed to be very high at a national level”
The most recent Ebola outbreak spreading through the Democratic Republic of Congo is now the worst in the country’s history, with 209 dead and 333 confirmed or probable cases, according to the DRC’s health ministry.
According to The Express, efforts to contain the disease have been hampered by localized armed conflict and community resistance to health officials.
The outbreak, the second this year, began in North Kivu before spreading east to Ituri. Oly Ilunga Kalenga, the DRC’s minister of public health, said efforts to contain the deadly outbreak have been thwarted by violence against health officials and civilians as militant groups battle for control in the affected region. –Express
Two health workers were killed during the militant attack according to the minister, while 11 civilians and a soldier were killed last month in the city of Beni – the outbreak’s epicenter.
And on Thursday, the United Nations announced that at least seven UN peacekeepers were killed by militants in at the epicenter of the Ebola outbreak.
“Our peacekeeping colleagues tell us that six peacekeepers from Malawi and one from Tanzania who are part of the U.N. peacekeeping operation in the DRC … were killed yesterday, in Beni territory, in North Kivu,” said UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric.
Meanwhile, a USAID worker speaking to Reuters on condition of anonymity said “We are absolutely concerned about the ongoing outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is occurring in an area of active conflict, so physical insecurity is a persistent challenge and complication to the ongoing response efforts.”
“No other epidemic in the world has been as complex as the one we are currently experiencing,” said Kalenga.
As the rate of new cases has accelerated in recent weeks, neighboring Uganda began vaccinating at-risk health workers on Wednesday in case the virus crosses the border.
Now neighboring Uganda is bracing for the virus to cross the 545-mile boundary it shares with DRC. The border is porous and heavily trafficked, with large numbers of local farmers, merchants, traders, and refugees constantly moving through the area. A checkpoint in the region receives 5,000 people on an average day, with the busiest ones swelling to 20,000 twice a week on market days. –Wired
In this week’s podcast, host Erik Townsend interviews Jonathan Tepper, author and co-founder of research shop During…
The Ugandan Health Ministry says it has 2,100 doses of vaccine available for doctors and nurses across five border districts, while four specialized Ebola treatment facilities have been constructed at hospitals near the border.
“The risk of cross-border transmission was assessed to be very high at a national level,” said Jane Ruth Acent, Uganda’s Health Minister at a press conference last week. “Hence the need to protect our health workers.”
Meanwhile, officials in Uganda have been screening anyone crossing in from the Congo since the outbreak began.
a series of questions and no-contact infrared thermometers aimed at the side of the head that read out body temperatures like a highway patrolman’s radar gun. Fever is one of the first red flags for an Ebola infection. The process isn’t foolproof; symptoms can take up to three weeks to appear, and lots of other tropical diseases in that part of Africa can also cause soaring temperatures. –Wired
And as Wired‘s Megan Molteni notes, Ebola has never broken out in a war zone, while Billions of dollars in Chinese infrastructure investments have created greater connectivity throughout Africa that can encourage the rapid spread of Ebola and other diseases.
“It’s a cruel irony that better roads and improved connectivity of people also make it easier for the disease to travel, particularly when the public health systems are still lagging behind,” said Boston Medical Center’s Nahid Bhadelia, medical director of the facility’s Special Pathogens Unit. Bhadelia was on the front lines during the 2014 Sierra Leone Ebola outbreak.
Similar to the DRC, armed conflict in Uganda between rebel groups may also hobble containment efforts.
“We can’t afford for it to go deep in the red security zones where we have no access,” says Mike Ryan, Assistant Director-General of Emergency Preparedness and Response at the World Health Organization. “Ebola exploits the cracks, so the more we can keep it out in the open, the better.” –Wired
That said, the DRC outbreak appears to be turning a corner, according to Ryan, as transmission of the disease has been relegated to healthcare facilities, as opposed to out in the community.
But only in the last few weeks have health workers realized the extent to which Ebola was spreading through Beni’s network of more than 300 healthcare facilities, many of which keep poor patient records. Even as workers vaccinated victims’ close friends and family, new cases would show up seemingly out of thin air. Last week the Washington Post reported that between 60 and 80 percent of new confirmed cases had no known epidemiological link to prior cases. –Wired
“Fears of this thing becoming endemic are real, and rational, but we also need to see that as a worst-case scenario,” Ryan said. “We still have plenty of opportunities to put this virus back in the box, we just need to get behind the people risking their lives on the front line and push hard for the next three to six weeks. It’s going to be a long march, but I don’t think we should be raising the white flag just yet.”
In a scathing report issued this week, researchers with the Science Policy Forum have accused the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of creating a technology—ostensibly used to genetically modify crops with insects—but that could be converted into a dangerous and illegal bioweapon.
The current program is being funded by the Pentagon’s darling “research” arm DARPA — who last year was found to be spending millions on “genetic extinction technology” that could wipe out entire species. DARPA’s new project, dubbed “Insect Allies” involves releasing fleets of genetically modified insects onto crops which would “infect” plants with a special virus that would genetically modify the plant on location.
As Gizmodo points out, if you think this sounds scary, you are not alone.
The lead author of the new Science Policy Forum report, Richard Guy Reeves from the Department of Evolutionary Genetics at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Plön, says the Insect Allies program is a disturbing example of dual-use research in which DARPA, in addition to helping out farmers, is also working on a potential weapon.
Naturally, as is the case with all accusations against DARPA when they get caught working on some sadistic planet killing plot, they are denying the accusations, writing them off as mischaracterizations.
The report was published in Science on October 5, and it is nothing short of chilling. According to researchers, DARPA “aims to disperse infectious genetically modified viruses that have been engineered to edit crop chromosomes directly in fields.”
As Gizmodo explains, the technology at the heart of this research could herald an entirely new way of genetically modifying crops. Instead of having to wait for a plant to pass its newly-acquired traits onto the next generation, genetic changes would be imposed upon living organisms, a process known as horizontal genetic alteration. Hence the technology’s name—Horizontal Environmental Genetic Alteration Agents, or HEGAAs.
The viruses will be delivered using genetically modified insects as a means of overcoming the previous limitations to delivering HEGAAs.
According to the report, “the regulatory, biological, economic, and societal implications of dispersing such horizontal environmental genetic alteration agents (HEGAAs) into ecosystems are profound. Further, this program stipulates that the means of delivery of these viral HEGAAs into the environment should be insect-based dispersion.”
DARPA plans to release swarms of genetically modified insects like leafhoppers, whiteflies, and aphids, that have been altered using CRISPR, or other gene editing systems. The swarms would be carrying an infectious virus to crops that are already established as a means of genetically modifying them on the spot.
If this sounds like science fiction to you, it should. However, it is most assuredly not fiction. As Gizmodo reports:
Insect Allies was announced in November 2016, and it currently involves research contracts in excess of $27 million. DARPA is funding four teams (not three, as claimed in the report), namely the Boyce Thompson Institute, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Texas, Austin. The defence agency maintains that “all work is conducted inside closed laboratories, greenhouses, or other secured facilities,” and that the insects will have built-in lifespans to limit their spread. DARPA is hoping to see tests done in greenhouses in as few as two years, with maize being a high-priority crop.
Considering DARPA’s history and their Pentagon funding, scientists are expressing justified concern over the development of this technology. The researchers in this report pull no punches when they claim it may be a cover to develop an offensive bioweapon.
“It is our opinion that the knowledge to be gained from this program appears very limited in its capacity to enhance U.S. agriculture or respond to national emergencies,” write the authors in the new Policy Forum. Instead, they say, “the program may be widely perceived as an effort to develop biological agents for hostile purposes and their means of delivery, which—if true—would constitute a breach of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).”
Using insects as a means of distributing the viruses is a terrible idea, according to the authors of the report, because they cannot be controlled. The scientist claim that HEGGAs would be far more effective if simply sprayed overhead like most other delivery systems for agriculture.
Stopping short of calling it a weapon, DARPA actually acknowledged that this technology could be used as a means of national defense. According to the DARPA website:
National security can be quickly jeopardized by naturally occurring threats to the crop system, including pathogens, drought, flooding, and frost, but especially by threats introduced by state or non-state actors. Insect Allies seeks to mitigate the impact of these incursions by applying targeted therapies to mature plants with effects that are expressed at relevant timescales—namely, within a single growing season.
Jason Delborne, an Associate Professor at North Carolina State University, an expert in genetic engineering and its potential environmental, economic, and social consequences, says the concerns over the current DARPA research seem “appropriate,” according to Gizmodo.
Indeed, when the people who are exempted from most all federal regulations begin modifying swarms of insects to infect crops with viruses which would genetically modify them on the spot—and refer to this as national defense—it may be time to start paying attention.
Matt Agorist is an honorably discharged veteran of the USMC and former intelligence operator directly tasked by the NSA. This prior experience gives him unique insight into the world of government corruption and the American police state. Agorist has been an independent journalist for over a decade and has been featured on mainstream networks around the world. Agorist is also the Editor at Large at the Free Thought Project, where this article first appeared. Follow @MattAgorist on Twitter, Steemit, and now on Facebook.
A “new” strain of deadly bird flu dubbed “Disease X” by the World Health Organization (WHO) has killed hundreds of people in China, and is just three mutations away from becoming transmissible between humans, according to experts.
The strain, H7N9, circulates in poultry and has killed 623 people out of 1,625 infected in China – a mortality rate of 38.3%. While first identified in China in 2013, H7N9 has recently emerged as a serious threat seemingly overnight.
Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, deputy chief medical officer for the UK, told The Telegraph that H7N9 could cause a global outbreak.
“[H7N9] is an example of another virus which has proven its ability to transmit from birds to humans,” said Van-Tam, who added “It’s possible that it could be the cause of the next pandemic.”
The WHO says N7N9 is “an unusually dangerous virus for humans,” and “one of the most lethal influenza viruses that we’ve seen so far”
“H7N9 viruses have several features typically associated with human influenza viruses and therefore possess pandemic potential and need to be monitored closely,” said Dr. Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Researchers led by James Paulson of the Scripps Research Institute in California have been studying the mutations which could potentially occur in H7N9’s genome to allow for human-to-human infection.
The team’s findings, published in the journal PLoS Pathogens on Thursday, showed that in laboratory tests, mutations in three amino acids made the virus more able to bind to human cells — suggesting these changes are key to making the virus more dangerous to people. –Japan Times
That said, the mutations would need to occur relatively close to each other to become more virulent, which has a low probability of happening according to Fiona Culley, an expert in respiratory immunology at Imperial College London.
“Some of the individual mutations have been seen naturally … these combinations of mutations have not,” and added: “The chances of all three occurring together is relatively low.”
Wenday Barclay, a virologist and flu specialist also at Imperial College says the study’s findings reinforce the need to keep the H7N9 bird flu under close surveillance.
“These studies keep H7N9 virus high on the list of viruses we should be concerned about,” she said. “The more people infected, the higher the chance that the lethal combination of mutations could occur.”
According to the CDC, Human infections with bird flu viruses can happen when enough virus gets into a person’s eyes, nose or mouth, or is inhaled. This can happen when virus is in the air (in droplets or possibly dust) and a person breathes it in, or when a person touches something that has virus on it then touches their mouth, eyes or nose.
The reported signs and symptoms of avian influenza A virus infections in humans have ranged from mild to severe and included conjunctivitis, influenza-like illness (e.g., fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches) sometimes accompanied by nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting, severe respiratory illness (e.g., shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, viral pneumonia, respiratory failure), neurologic changes (altered mental status, seizures), and the involvement of other organ systems –CDC
Rare human infections with some avian viruses have occurred most often after unprotected contact with infected birds or surfaces contaminated with avian influenza viruses. However, some infections have been identified where direct contact was not known to have occurred. Illness in people has ranged from mild to severe.
Don’t let this happen to you:
Researchers have identified the molecular “handle” that the chikungunya virus grabs to get inside cells, potentially leading to a form of arthritis that persists for months or even years.
Chikungunya is a growing threat to the United States and other regions of the world as the mosquito that carries the virus expands its reach. Telltale symptoms of chikungunya infection are fever and joint pain that last about a week. But in up to half of patients, the virus can cause a debilitating form of arthritis.
“The name chikungunya comes from the Makonde language of Tanzania, and it means ‘to walk bent over.’ That’s how painful the arthritis can be…”
Scientists have understood little about how chikungunya and related viruses cause arthritis. The new findings, which appear in the journal Nature, could lead to ways to prevent or treat disease caused by chikungunya and related viruses.
The handle, or receptor, is located on cells that build cartilage, muscle, and bone. Joints are full of such cells, which helps explain patients’ painful symptoms. Further, by creating decoy handles, the researchers showed that they could reduce chikungunya infection and signs of arthritis.
“The name chikungunya comes from the Makonde language of Tanzania, and it means ‘to walk bent over.’ That’s how painful the arthritis can be,” says senior author Michael S. Diamond, professor of medicine at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine. “We now know how chikungunya gets into cells, and we may have found a way to block the infection. If the virus cannot get into the cell, it is unable to replicate and cause infection and disease.
There are no specific treatments or vaccines for chikungunya and related viruses, known as arthritogenic alphaviruses. Doctors simply recommend rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
With the aid of a warming planet and modern means of transportation, mosquitoes that carry chikungunya and related viruses are spreading. Once limited to Asia and Africa, chikungunya virus has infected more than a million people in the Caribbean and South America in an outbreak that began in 2013 and continues to this day.
Figuring out how the virus gets inside cells is considered a step toward slowing its spread. Diamond, first author and postdoctoral researcher Rong Zhang, and colleagues identified the protein on cells that chikungunya virus latches onto.
The protein is called Mxra8, and it is needed for chikungunya to invade both human and mouse cells, the researchers found. Additional experiments showed that not just chikungunya but its arthritis-causing relatives—Mayaro, Ross River, O’nyongnyong, and Barmah Forest viruses—require the protein to get into cells.
Since chikungunya uses Mxra8 protein as a handle to open a door into cells, the researchers tested whether preventing the virus from grabbing that handle could reduce infection. They deluged the virus with decoy handles, reasoning that chikungunya would grab the decoy and be locked out of cells. Only the few individual viruses that lucked onto a true handle could infect cells, so the overall infection rate—and signs of arthritis—would fall.
And that’s just what they found. A day after infection, the level of virus in the mice’s ankles and calf muscles was between tenfold and a hundredfold lower in the animals that researchers had treated with Mxra8 proteins or blocking antibodies than those that received placebo, and the numbers remained lower over the next two days. In addition, three days after treatment, the mice that had received the protein exhibited much less swelling in their ankles than those that received the placebo.
The results suggest that a compound that blocks the virus from attaching to Mxra8 on the surface of cells could prevent or reduce arthritis.
“Not much is known about what Mxra8 does in the human body, so we need more information before developing a drug that targets Mxra8,” says Diamond, who also is a professor of molecular microbiology, and of pathology and immunology. “But we could more immediately develop a drug that targets the virus and prevent it from attaching to this protein.”
The researchers are working on mapping the structure of the protein and locating the exact spot to which the virus attaches. Such information could help researchers design a compound to interfere with the virus’s ability to hold onto the protein, or to design vaccines to prevent infection.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Defense Reduction Threat Agency funded this research.
Thousands were exposed to the measles February 2015 in San Francisco after a LinkedIn employee with the disease took public transportation to work.
RENO, Nev. — Health departments in two states have opened investigations after a university student who contracted measles was determined to have been vaccinated.
It wasn’t immediately known whether the University of Nevada, Reno, student, whose name was not released, had both doses of the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, generally given at age 12 to 15 months with a booster at 4 to 6 years old. The two shots are 97% effective in preventing measles; one dose is 93% effective, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Though getting measles after you’ve been vaccinated is unusual, it is not unheard of. In a Kansas outbreak of 15 cases that began in March, most were unvaccinated infants at a day-care center.
“They could have just had an incomplete (immune) response, or it’s possible they just had a bad batch (of vaccine),” Greg Lakin, chief medical officer for the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, told the paper.
As of March 30, measles has sickened 34 people in 11 states, the CDC said.
The Reno case, diagnosed Monday, is linked to an outbreak in the San Francisco Bay area of six confirmed cases and one suspect case, said Jorge De La Cruz, spokesman for the California Department of Public Health.
A virus within a bacteria, isn’t life incredible or what?
A bacteriophage (/ˈbækˈtɪərioʊˌfeɪdʒ/), also known informally as a phage (/feɪdʒ/), is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea. The term was derived from “bacteria” and the Greek: φαγεῖν (phagein), “to devour”. Bacteriophages are composed of proteins that encapsulate a DNA or RNA genome, and may have relatively simple or elaborate structures. Their genomes may encode as few as four genes, and as many as hundreds of genes. Phages replicate within the bacterium following the injection of their genome into its cytoplasm. Bacteriophages are among the most common and diverse entities in the biosphere. Bacteriophages are ubiquitous viruses, found wherever bacteria exist. It is estimated there are more than 1031 bacteriophages on the planet, more than every other organism on Earth, including bacteria, combined.
Phages are widely distributed in locations populated by bacterial hosts, such as soil or the intestines of animals. One of the densest natural sources for phages and other viruses is sea water, where up to 9×108 virions per milliliter have been found in microbial mats at the surface, and up to 70% of marine bacteria may be infected by phages. They have been used for over 90 years as an alternative to antibiotics in the former Soviet Union and Central Europe, as well as in France. They are seen as a possible therapy against multi-drug-resistant strains of many bacteria (see phage therapy). Nevertheless, phages of Inoviridae have been shown to complicate biofilms involved in pneumonia and cystic fibrosis, and shelter the bacteria from drugs meant to eradicate disease and promote persistent infection.
by: Edsel Cook
Saturday, April 07, 2018
Researchers from the Yale School of Medicine (YSM) in New Haven, Connecticut reported that the naturally-occurring virus succeeded in treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which resisted conventional antibiotic treatment.
They believed the results indicate the suitability of bacteriophage therapy for treating antibiotic-resistant infections. They also called for larger studies to determine the full extent of effectiveness and potential side effects.
The researchers published their exploratory report in the online journal Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health.
According to their study, the patient underwent heart surgery in 2012. Doctors replaced a damaged part of his aorta with a graft, a synthetic tube that performs the same purpose
Shortly after the surgery, the man developed a P. aeruginosa infection in his graft. A fairly widespread bacterium, it is often associated with infections in hospital environments.
For the next few years, the patient undertook a long-term antibiotic course to deal with the unexpected complication. However, the P. aeruginosa infection resisted treatment and eventually threatened the man’s life. (Related: Bacteria-eating viruses may be effective at eliminating foodborne pathogens; could be used to prevent food poisoning.)
Eventually, the man’s physician came into contact with the YSM research team, who were investigating naturally-occurring bacteriophages at the time. They recommended trying an OMK01-based treatment based on their earlier experiments.
OMKO1 was first found in a sample from Dodge Pond, some 40 miles (64 kilometers) north of New Haven. The YSM researchers discovered its bactericidal properties against P. aeruginosa during experiments in lab dishes.
According to the researchers, P. aeruginosa possessed proteins on its cellular surface that pumped out any antibiotics before the medicine could damage them. These pumps gave the bacteria its high resistance to conventional treatment.
However, OMKO1 used that defensive system against its owner. The virus bound itself to those proteins, allowing it to bypass the bacteria’s anti-viral defenses and kill its target.
Furthermore, while P. aeruginosa could evolve to resist OMKO1’s attacks, doing so required alteration of its protein pumps. When that happened, the bacteria became vulnerable to antibiotics.
“The bacteria are backed into an evolutionary corner,” stated Paul Turner, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Yale University (Yale) who co-authored the study.
Based on their earlier experiments, Turner and his fellow researchers believed the OMKO1 virus could be used to eliminate the patient’s persistent infection.
After obtaining clearance from the patient, his physicians, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the YSM researchers implemented an experimental procedure in January 2016.
In a surgical operation, they injected large numbers of OMKO1 into the patient’s chest to hunt down any instance of P. aeruginosa. Afterward, the patient took antibiotics for a brief period.
Turner and his team reported that the bacteriophage treatment successfully eliminated the infection. The patient remained free of P. aeruginosa for 18 months even without antibiotic protection.
“We argue that the phage therapy played a significant role in contributing to the eradication of the P. aeruginosa infection,” he and his co-author Benjamin Chan stated in their published study.
The authors hoped that their exploratory study served as initial evidence regarding the way OMKO1 could bolster the effectiveness of antibiotics in removing P. aeruginosa infections.
Chan said the next step is to look for bacteriophages that could be employed against E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and other antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Find out more novel medical discoveries in Medicine.News.
“According to the latest reports, 7.3 percent of men and 1.4 percent of women have oral infections with high-risk HPV types in the United States. That translates to 7 million men and 1.4 million women. HPV-related tumors increased more than 300 percent over the last 20 years. The virus is now found in 70 percent of all new oral cancers.”
Syphilis, one of the most feared infections of the Middle Ages and Victorian eras, was until recently virtually eradicated from from our world. In the United States, after being close to zero in 2000, the syphilis rate began a sharp climb in 2011. Experts are squeamish about giving an answer to the upsurge of STDs in general. Perhaps they are naive or prudish when it comes to sexual matters, or perhaps they’re living in a bubble.
In this article, you’ll learn about the shocking statistics on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) – a veritable sign of our times. Hopefully this will increase the disgust factor a few notches for those still ‘on the fence’. When it comes to STDs, it doesn’t hurt to err on the side of caution.
The Yuk Factor
Jonathan Haidt, author of the acclaimed book The Righteous Mind – Why People are Divided by Politics and Religion, explains how moral foundations are innate – “organized in advance of experience”. In this sense, moral foundations are like the first draft of a book that gets revised as individuals grow up within their own unique culture. Haidt describes six moral foundations:
This last moral foundation relates to the subject of STDs in that it has been adapted to the broader challenge of living in a world of pathogens and parasites. The Sanctity foundation makes it easy for us to regard something as disgusting and thus untouchable, or something so sacred that it needs to be protected. People with a very strong sanctity foundation would certainly resonate with this Bible verse:
For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from fornication; that each one of you know how to control your own body in the holiness and honor (I Thessalonians 4:3-4).
For those who get triggered when someone goes Biblical, here’s another point of view that might be easier to digest:
According to Haidt, two ends of the political spectrum rely on each moral foundation in different ways, or to different degrees. Leftists rely primarily on the Care, Fairness and Liberty foundations, whereas the right uses all six moral foundations. You’ll have to read the book to get the rest of the details and its implications.
It is this Sanctity foundation that we probably would be wise to take to heart in the current era of rampant STDs.
It’s Plague Time!
Plague Time is the name of a book written by Paul W. Ewald in 2002 which discusses how infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria have virtually limitless capabilities for change and adaptation that allows their pathological DNA or RNA to persist and thrive despite our efforts to destroy them. Microbes behave as an intelligent superorganism, evolving based on the information of the current environment.
In the case of STDs, Ewald explains several factors that favor the more aggressive variants over benign ones. For a sexually transmitted pathogen, success is measured by the number of new sexual partners. But in traditional or conservative communities where fewer sexual partners are (or were) the norm, until a sexual partnership breaks up, the pathogen can only infect that one partner. A low probability of infection per sexual contact is compensated for by a high number of sexual contacts per partner, and natural selection therefore favors a more benign pathogen and relationship between it and the host.
On the other side of the spectrum, if people change sexual partners every week (or night), the benign pathogen will lose out to the competition from other more variegated and ‘aggressive’ pathogens. The competitor pathogens that are programmed to exploit more and reproduce more would be able to capitalize on the few contacts with a more numerous number of sexual partners. As Ewald explains,
Each sexual partner might have an increased chance of death or severe damage years down the line, but the loss of a single host is weighed by natural selection against the additional new hosts that could be infected as a result of the more aggressive strategy.
This evolutionary logic leads to an important prediction: sexually transmitted pathogens will evolve increased virulence in populations that have high potentials for sexual transmission.
In short, natural selection may lead to damaging relationships between pathogens and people when the potential for sexual transmission is high. For instance, the human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are DNA viruses that have genital forms which cause cervical cancer. Women who have more sexual partners are more likely to have the dangerous, cancer-causing genital forms, whereas women who have few sexual partners are more likely to have the mild forms.
When rape was used as a weapon of conquest during the war in former Yugoslavia, the dangerous genital HPVs spread much more rapidly than the mild ones. The more dangerous papillomaviruses appear to be suited for transmission where the potential for sexual transmission is high.
Nowadays, men are four times more likely than women to be diagnosed with oral cancer, a disease that has overtaken cervical cancer as the most common HPV-related malignancy in the United States. According to the research, even though changes in sexual norms (oral sex) over the last few generations have played a role in this alarming trend, the real problem is men’s weaker immune response to fight this virus.
According to the latest reports, 7.3 percent of men and 1.4 percent of women have oral infections with high-risk HPV types in the United States. That translates to 7 million men and 1.4 million women. HPV-related tumors increased more than 300 percent over the last 20 years. The virus is now found in 70 percent of all new oral cancers.
When it comes to bacteria, the most deadly sexually transmitted one is Treponema pallidum, the causative agent of syphilis. It relies greatly on a high potential for sexual transmission. Syphilis is divided into stages – primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary. Syphilis has been known as “the great imitator” as it may cause symptoms similar to many other diseases.
A person with primary syphilis generally has a sore or sores at the original site of infection (the genitals, around the rectum or the mouth). Symptoms of secondary syphilis include skin rash, swollen lymph nodes, and fever. In the first two stages, symptoms can be mild enough and the person might not notice. During the latent stage, there are no signs or symptoms. Tertiary syphilis is associated with severe medical problems including severe cardiovascular and neurological problems.
Syphilis can spread from an infected mother to her unborn baby resulting in congenital syphilis. I’ve practiced medicine in Costa Rica and Europe and none of my acquaintances nor myself have ever seen a case. The chances are, however, increasing. Although syphilis has antibiotic treatment, there are increasing reports of children being born with congenital syphilis in the United States, something that shouldn’t happen if the future mother is under proper prenatal health care. According to this Medscape article from 2015,
A sharp rise in the incidence of congenital syphilis between 2012 and 2014 parallels a national increase in primary and secondary syphilis among women during the same period, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)…
The overall rate of reported congenital syphilis increased to 11.6 cases per 100,000 live births in 2014, up from 8.4 cases per 100,000 in 2012, an analysis of national surveillance data shows. The 38% increase coincides with a 22% increase in primary and secondary syphilis among women during the same period…
Among whites, blacks, and Hispanics, rates of congenital infection increased 61%, 19%, and 39%, respectively.
Back with a Vengeance
Recently, Kansas University (KU) officials saw a dramatic jump in the rate of on-campus STDs. The Lawrence Journal-World reports that data from KU’s Watkins Health Services show the number of gonorrhea cases diagnosed at KU jumped 39 percent from 2016 to 2017.
The service’s health education resource manager, Jenny McKee, says KU’s climbing rates are part of a national surge in chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis that hit a record high in 2017. Although some studies have shown millennials to be the least sexually active generation in decades, those in the 15-to-24-year-old range account for half of all new STD cases annually, even when they’re just over a quarter of the country’s sexually active population. This age group is also likely to use popular dating apps such as Tinder and Grindr to find a “one-night stand”.
However, numbers didn’t reach an all time high overnight in the United States. New cases of STDs in the U.S. had already reached an all-time high in 2016 with 1.6 million cases of chlamydia, 470,000 cases of gonorrhea and 28,000 of syphilis reported that year.
Gonorrhea has become more than twice as common in Iowa than it was four years ago. The state recorded about 3,600 cases of the sexually transmitted disease in 2017. That was up 145 percent from 1,471 in 2013. In 2016, 2,600 cases of gonorrhea were reported in Iowa. The state health department said 80 percent of new infections were among Iowans 15 to 34 years old, which also includes the millennial group age.
In some counties of South Carolina, particularly those in metropolitan areas – there are increases in the double to triple digits in the number of cases of syphilis and gonorrhea. There were 9,301 cases of gonorrhea statewide in 2016, up from 8,285 in 2015.
In New Mexico, the state’s syphilis rate saw a 61 percent increase from 2015 to 2016. The gonorrhea rate climbed 40 percent and is the 14th highest in the country. And chlamydia rose 4 percent to become the 5th highest rate in the nation. New Mexico’s syphilis rate is the 12th highest in the country, according to federal data.
In Arizona, there has been an unexpected rise in STDs among those 65 and up. According to an annual report from the Arizona Department of Health Services, although people 15 to 29 years old reported more STDs than any other age group in 2013, rates among Arizona residents 55 and older are also rising.
Not Only the U.S.
On the other side of the world, Japan’s dramatic surge in syphilis cases is puzzling experts. The number of Japanese people diagnosed with syphilis rocketed to 5,770 in 2017, more than double the 2,697 seen in 2015 and far exceeding the 621 in 2010. According to the news report, the exact causes of this upsurge are unknown and are being studied by doctors and researchers. Unlike other developed countries where men who have sex with men have been associated with the rise, the increase in Japan has been attributed more to heterosexual encounters.
In Australia, syphilis rates in the Northern Territory have spiked amid an outbreak that began in 2014. The rate of people infected with syphilis was 2.9 times higher in the third quarter of 2017 than the five-year average.
Ireland has witnessed a surge in STDs with the peak transmission period of the Christmas and New Year party season still to report. The latest Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) data confirmed that rates of all major STDs have dramatically increased from 2012-2016. Over that period, there has been an increase in detection of HIV (+51pc), syphilis (+11pc), gonorrhea (+53), chlamydia (+10pc) and herpes (+21pc).
In India, a recent study by a team of doctors from NHL Municipal College at Shardaben Hospital reveals that teens have 50% of the STDs found in those twice their age. Of the 381 teens studied, 200 boys and 181 girls, nearly 77% of boys and 51% of girls said they were sexually active with partners. Their study claimed that sexual activity began as early as 10 years among street boys and in the mid and late teens among boys and girls from rural and urban areas.
The WHO’s program for monitoring trends in drug-resistant gonorrhea found in a study that from 2009 to 2014 there was widespread resistance to the first-line medicine ciprofloxacin, increasing resistance to another antibiotic drug called azithromycin, and the emergence of resistance to last-resort treatments known as extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs). In most countries, ESCs are now the only single antibiotics that remain effective for treating gonorrhea. Yet resistance to them has already been reported in 50 countries.
Youngsters who might, in another time, be playing with dolls or football are getting together to recreate porn movies they saw.
The age of consent to sex is up for debate in some countries like France with some authorities promoting a reduction in the age.
In Spain, a mortified father gave notice to the police after finding a pornographic video involving a baby in his son’s smartphone. The culprits of the abuse were aged between 14 and 15. The police found a second video and classified both as, “extreme abuse on the international scale of typology and severity for child pornography”. The video circulated widely through Whatsapp – an instant messaging smartphone application.
While an analysis of the effect of postmodernist liberalism on society is beyond the scope of this article, it behooves everyone to inform themselves of the many ways in which this ‘mind virus’ is spreading:
Dr. Gaby was born into a mixed Eastern-Western family in Costa Rica and she is a countryside family medicine doctor and former heart surgeon. Her research in the medical field, the true nature of our world and all things related to healing have taken her to Italy, Canada, France and Spain. Gaby is co-host of the ‘Health and Wellness’ show on the SOTT Radio Network and her writings can be found at The Health Matrix.
I live here. According to our last corrupted and inept government, a bunch of deluded Trump supporters calling themselves “Liberals”, salmon farming is harmless. Not so says Alexandra Morton, one of our leading biologists. The majority of British Colombians want these virus factories removed from our waters, yet our media and petty right-wing nut bars claim that this industry is beneficial to our economy. Our local media even has crooked polls suggesting that the majority of British Colombians support these abominations. Wrong.
The entire industry is worth about 0ne billion dollars of which we receive approximately $80 million in tax returns. 80 million dollars is not much these days. Considering that the median house price where I live, Victoria, is around $800,000 we could say that BC gains about 100 houses from this industry which our own scientists, the real ones, not those paid by the industry, say is decimating our pristine waters and disrespecting the wishes of our First Nations people who have lived here for thousands of years.
Finally, these farms are owed by foreign corporations (Norway). Why can’t these corporations do their dirty business in their own country? Lou
Piscine reovirus may be the biggest industrial spill in the history of British Columbia – for more information and access to the documents in this film see alexandramorton.typepad.com/racing_a_virus