Dreaming is an integral part of Native American’s tradition and spiritual practice.
Since childhood, they teach children to remember their dreams so they can learn to interpret them and use them as spiritual tools for guidance in life.
Native Americans have the following 7 beliefs regarding dreaming:
Ego-soul – which is embodied in the breath.
Body-soul – which gives energy to the body and life force during our waking state.
Free-soul – which is the soul that leaves the body during dreams and trances and explores the dream realm alongside the brain, while the other two souls remain attached to the body.
They believe that our mind and body don’t dream anything. Chippewa elder John Thunderbird specifically explains this in the following words:
“Your soul dreams those dreams; not your body, not your mind. Those dreams come true. The soul travels all over the world when you dream.”
They believe we can communicate with other souls, humans and even animals when our soul disconnects from our body and goes into the dream realm.
For them, the dream world is just as real as the physical world.
“Come fairies! take me out of this dull world,
For I would ride with you
Upon the wind and dance
Upon the mountains like a flame.”
~ W.B. Yeats.
“Toy bewitched, made blind by lusts, disinherited of soul – No common centre Man, no common sire – Knoweth! A sordid solitary thing mid countless brethren with a lonely heart -Through courts and cities the smooth savage roams – feeling himself, his own low self, the whole.” ~ Coleridge’s Religious Musing
Modern man – the smooth savage with a lonely heart living in high-rise ‘smart’ cities of concrete and glass…. forced to live by the clock in a bubble of busy business, and compelled by the status quo to try and be top dog in a dog eat dog world.
Gone is the wonder of childhood- lost is ‘sacred sympathy’, the flower of imaginative intuition and the innocence of thought that we experienced in the magical time when we were still connected to the All, and not yet corrupted by the descent into matter – into 3D density and the world of materialism, intellect and ego.
‘The world is too much with us; late and soon. Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers; Little we see in nature that is ours” ~Wordsworth
The acute development of our intellect and emphasis on achievement has been realized at a terrible price. Material success has robbed us of our connection and perception of the energetic ‘other-worlds’ which exist all around us. We can no longer unite with the spiritual beings that vitalize form; no longer connect with the faerie realms, and have turned our backs upon our divine connection to all life – the seen and unseen, and in so doing we have lost touch with our true selves. We are only half alive.
Some of us never lose our childhood wonder and through all the struggles and turmoils of our lives manage to keep the magic alive. We seek out the ageless wisdom of connection…. forever aspiring to comprehend and blend with the whole. We become dreamers and poets, explorers of frequencies and subtler systems of being. And, if our hearts are true, spiritual synchronicity becomes active in our lives. I was brought up in the Celtic tradition and seances/spirit callings were part of my life. Later, when I came to America, I was introduced to Lakota thought and philosophy which answered the questions I had about the nature of elementals, nature spirits, demons and feys.
Lakota shaman tell us that there is a mysterious power that vitalises life – a field of unified energies and forces which create an infinite diversity of form, and holds together the particles of all manifested objects and beings in the material world.
Tesla said: “Think in terms of frequency, energy and vibration.”
There are five of these invisible bands of moving power: stone(solid) water (fluid) fire(heat) air(gas) and space that surrounds us.
Our five fingers and five toes are sensors for the building blocks of our reality – the magical force of five.
The medicine wheel – the cangleshka wakan of the Lakota is a sacred symbol found in many aboriginal cultures. It is the power of five, the four elements and the space that surrounds them. In my understanding it is the two dimensional blueprint of our reality.
The Lakota say: “The life of a man is two roads and he can choose which road he walks.” – the black east/west road of suffering where the heart(4th chakra of air) is at war with the west (the 2nd chakra of water – emotions) or the north/south road of earth(first chakra) and fire(third chakra) – the spirit road. At the centre of the cross roads, the tree of life blooms(awareness) and the hoop(circle) of all living nations is formed.
“Then I was standing on the highest mountain of them all, and round about beneath me was the whole hoop of the world. And while I stood there I saw more than I can tell and I understood more than I saw, for I was seeing in a sacred manner the shapes of all things as they must live together like one being. And I saw that the sacred hoop of my people was one of many hoops that made one circle, wide as daylight and as starlight, and in the centre grew one mighty flowering tree to shelter all the children of one mother and one father. And I saw that it was holy.” ~Black Elk
Skan is the invisible underlying energetic force which binds life together in an all pervading unity. Separation is an illusion created by duality. We can find this understanding in the Lakota phrase – Mitakuye Oyasin: we are all related, and by the Sanskrit phrase: Tat Tvam Asi which roughly translates as either “That art thou” or “You are that.”
When we were tribal people, living with nature and free of the stresses and restraints of modern life, we could see into the invisible realms and communicate with spiritual reality. Shaman were aware that just as the material world is dual, and by that I mean a love/hate polarity, the spiritual realms were populated by good and bad spirits. The negative creatures are known as wakan sica – bad medicine and in my tradition they are called the Unseelie Court of Faerie.
Sage, sweet grass, cedar, scabious root, agrimony, lavender flowers, and other high frequency plants are burnt in an effort to dispel negative ‘spirits and thought forms’ from ceremonies, homes and other dwellings.
‘Vision is the art of seeing what is invisible to others.’ ~Jonathan Swift
Our visible world is populated by a diversity of beings: mammal, birds, fish, reptiles, plants etc, and the same rule applies to the invisible, spiritual counterpart of our material world. The unseen side of our reality is inhabited by hosts of beings called elementals – spirits that are electro-magnetically attached to the Skan fields of earth, water, fire, air and space. The elemental cosmic forces interpenetrate the earth, and the inhabitants of these hidden realms are aware of us, even though we are not aware of them.
Elementals and other spirits vibrate outside of visible light so we can’t see them – but they can look into our world at anytime they like. They are drawn to our emotional state by resonance. Love, gratitude and joy attract the’ good guys’, hate, violence and perverted sexual energy attract the bad.
At this moment, faerie beings could be standing right in front of us – sitting in the same chair, and we don’t have a clue there’s anything there. Sometimes even though we can’t see these invisible beings, we can sense their presence. We may see a fleeting glimpse of movement on the periphery of our vision, or the feeling that ‘something’ is with us in the room…watching us. A creeping chill at the back of our neck when we enter an old house, ruins or cemetery, and the sudden disappearance of an item that we’re using, only to have it reappear in a place we know we didn’t put it.
The elementals attached to the five bands of moving power have their own phonetics, colours, perfumes and geometrics pertaining to their element. These pass-gates were known to the shamans of the past but with the destruction of indigenous people and their earth based cultures, the sacred knowledge and language was lost. In today’s world there are few people left who know how to contact the energies of spiritual reality.
I think the destruction of tribal people and their sacred knowledge was a deliberate act on the part of a very negative power to close down our awareness and block us from the sacred side of our dualistic nature. We have now been spiritually neutered and instead of being able to walk in many worlds we have been confined to one.
There have been hundreds of thousands of pages written about the faeries of our folklore and traditions. We know their form, characteristics, caprices, tribes and lineage, but in my experience with elementals, I have found that they are electro-magnetic wave patterns. They have no material shape and can appear to human perception in any form they want, but normally one that is immediately recognizable to the viewer.
In Lakota country an earth elemental appears as a small wizened man with braids dressed in buckskin, and the hooved and horned fauns that live in trees are called Can-o-ti-la. The people of the wood.
‘Hell is empty. All the devils are here.” ~Shakespeare
Is this Fact or Fiction?
The plane we call home has become the abode of devils. Billions of sentient lifeforms are butchered every day for their flesh while countless others are hunted for sport, trapped, tortured, caged and murdered for so called science, by soulless beings that masquerade as men. Millions of innocent people are maimed, murdered and displaced by power crazed demons fighting over ever dwindling resources – earth is being used up.
My Heartstar Series of books: The Key made of Air – the Gates to Pandemonia and Walking in Three Worlds are a multi-dimensional mirror of the tragedy that is happening in our dimension and how it affects the elemental worlds and higher planes of being.
Long ago in the mists of time, the realms of Humanity, Faerie, and High Faerie were all one world, with the sentient creatures of all three realms living in harmony with each other. But evil entered the world of humankind. The Cathac, the great horned serpent from the stars, insinuated his thoughts of conquest into the dreams of chieftains, filling them with pride, a lust for war, and murderous intent. When the stars aligned and formed a glittering pentagon in the sky, the Cathac had attacked the triad world of Faerie. Long and bloody was the battle. The Cathac had druid sorcerers in his ranks. With dark spells, he ripped the world of Humanity away from Faerie and made its inhabitants mortal.
According to Irish Mythology the Cathac or Cata, a gigantic flesh eating sea serpent was vanquished by St Senan in 534 AD. A carving depicting the Cathac is in the old chapel of Kilrush in County Clare.
The head of the Cathac can be seen in the first outcropping and other faces can be seen in the Cliffs of Moher which in my novels are called the Gates to Pandemonia.
In Book three of my HeartStar Series: Walking in Three Worlds we find a different account of the vanquishing of the Cathac, and we are told how the Cliffs of Moher were formed by the giants Finn McCoul and his brother Uall McCarn.
As night fell, Uall had heard rumbling and the beating of great wings in the sky. In plumes of fire and smoke, he had seen Braxach arrive at the Giant’s Cliffs with Duir, the father of dwarves, riding on his back. They had been pursuing the legions of devils and demons that had followed the Cathac in his murderous rampage along the coast.
The dragon had settled on the beach and given them a fiery snort of greeting. Duir slid off his back. As Braxach took to the air once more, the dwarf king had told Uall and Finn of his and Braxach’s plan to trap the Cathac, saying that he needed the giants’ help to do it.
The sea had been calm and shadowy under a fitful moon as they waited in the darkness for the Cathac to attack. The air grew cold, and then with a churning of the waters, the Cathac had raised its horned head and, coiling its gargantuan bulk, struck at them with gaping jaws. As the Cathac attacked, Braxach had sent a blast of fire into the monster’s eyes. The giants had ripped up the rock and earth in front of them, forming a great wall thousands of feet high. Blinded, the Cathac did not see the upraised cliff and slammed into the rock face. Duir was waiting. Once the Cathac’s body had made contact with the stone, Duir had called out to the burning lakes of liquid fire deep beneath the earth for aid. With his hands, the dwarf sire had woven a stone spell of molten lava and then cast the magma stream around the monster. Singing in the language of the stone,he had hardened the burning liquid into rock, trapping the Cathac within a sarcophagus of enchanted stone.
Elva Thompson was born in England in 1947 and moved to Rosebud Lakota reservation in 1987. She is the author of the Heartstar Series; Book One: The Key made of Air, and Book Two: The Gates to Pandemonia. Her other interests include organic gardening, ancient phonetic languages, sonic sound and their application in the healing arts. She is also a medical intuitive and teaches sonic re-patterning using sound, colour, and essential oils. Elva Thompson is on Amazon Author Central
“Shipping through the Northern Sea Route would shave almost 20 days off the regular time using the traditional route through the Suez Canal, the newspaper reported last month.”
Jan 26, 2018
China on Friday outlined its ambitions to extend President Xi Jinping’s signature Belt and Road Initiative to the Arctic by developing shipping lanes opened up by global warming.
Releasing its first official Arctic policy white paper, China said it would encourage enterprises to build infrastructure and conduct commercial trial voyages, paving the way for Arctic shipping routes.
“China hopes to work with all parties to build a ‘Polar Silk Road’ through developing the Arctic shipping routes,” said the paper, which is issued by the State Council Information Office.
Xi’s Belt and Road initiative aims to connect China to Europe, the Middle East and beyond via massive infrastructure projects across dozens of countries, reflecting the president’s desire for China to take on a more prominent global leadership role.
China, despite being a non-Arctic state, is increasingly active in the polar region and became an observer member of the Arctic Council in 2013.
Among its increasing interests in the region is its major stake in Russia’s Yamal liquefied natural gas project which is expected to supply China with four million tonnes of LNG a year, according to the state-run China Daily.
With permission from
Was North America once inhabited by a race of giants? According to an old legend supported by several challenging archaeological finds, it is possible.
Many Native American tribes tell stories about the long-forgotten existence of a race of humans that were much taller and stronger than ordinary men.
These giants are described as both brave and barbaric and legends often mention their cruelty towards whomever they pleased.
The Paiute, a tribe that settled in the Nevada region thousands of years ago, have an outstanding legend about a race of red-haired giants called the Si-Te-Cah.
The ancestors of the Paiute described them as savage and inhospitable cannibals.
In the Northern Paiute language, ‘Si-Te-Cah’ literally means ‘tule-eaters.’
Legend has it that the giants came from a distant island by crossing the ocean on rafts built using the fibrous tule plant.
As odd as it may sound, this legend repeats itself all over the Americas, suggesting it might be an incomplete chronicle of a real event that happened long ago.
In Crónicas del Perú, sixteenth century Spanish conquistador Pedro Cieza de León recorded an ancient Peruvian tale about the origin of the South American giants.
According to legend, they “came by sea in rafts of reeds after the manner of large boats; some of the men were so tall that from the knee down they were as big as the length of an ordinary fair-sized man.”
Could the giants of Peru and the Si-Te-Cah have been survivors of a massive cataclysm who took refuge on the American continent?
Legend tells that the Si-Te-Cah waged war on the Paiute and all other neighboring tribes, spreading terror and devastation. Finally, after years of conflict, the tribes united against the common enemy and began to decimate them.
The last remaining red-haired giants were chased off and sought shelter inside a cave. The tribes started a fire at the cave entrance, suffocating and burning alive the Si-Te-Cah. Those driven out by the smoke were also killed.
The tribes then sealed off the mouth of the cave so that no one might set eyes on those who had once plagued their land. They were all but forgotten until a random event brought them back to light.
In 1886, a mining engineer named John T. Reid happened to hear the legend from a group of Paiutes while prospecting near Lovelock, Nevada.
The Indians told him that the legend was real and the cave was located nearby. When he saw the cave for himself, Reid knew he was onto something.
Reid was unable to begin digging himself but news spread and soon, Lovelock cave was attracting attention.
Unfortunately, the attention was profit-driven as guano deposits were discovered inside.
A company started by miners David Pugh and James Hart began excavating the precious resource in 1911 and had soon shipped more than 250 tons to a fertilizer company in San Francisco.
Any artifacts that might have been discovered were probably neglected or lost.
After the surface layer of guano had been mined, strange objects started to surface.
This led to an official excavation being performed in 1912 by the University of California and another one took place in 1924. Reports told about thousands of artifacts being recovered, some of them being truly unusual.
Although their claims have not been verified (it comes as no surprise), sources said the mummified remains of several red-haired ancient giants were found buried in the cave.
Measuring between 8 to 10 feet in height, these mummies have since been referred to as the Lovelock Giants.
Another intriguing find was a pair of 15 inch-long sandals that showed signs of having been worn. Allegedly, other unusually large items were recovered but have since been locked away in museum warehouses and private collection.
A piece of evidence that remains on-site until this day is a giant hand print, embedded on a boulder inside Lovelock Cave. We won’t go into further debate pertaining to this aspect and its implications.
Needless to say, this discovery has led many into believing the Paiute legend of the Si-Te-Cah might be more than just folklore.
Around the same time as the second Lovelock Cave excavation, another dig revealed a set of equally-disturbing finds.
According to a 1931 article published in the Nevada Review-Miner, two giant skeletons had been found buried in a dry lake bed close to Lovelock, Nevada.
The over-sized remains measured 8.5, respectively 10 feet in height and were mummified in a manner similar to the one employed by ancient Egyptians.
Another common trait between these mummified giant remains and the ones discovered as far south as Lake Titicaca is the presence of red hair.
While some scientists believe the reddish color is a result of the interaction with the environment in which they were buried, the mummies verify the legends, which described the Si-Te-Cah and their kin as red-haired giants.
Proponents of alternative history believe these violent giants were none other than the biblical Nephilim, the forsworn offspring of the ‘Sons of God’ with the ‘daughters of men.’
If this is true, there’s little chance we might get to see any of the giant mummies. Those interested in keeping history secret will never disclose their location.
When I was a schoolchild in the United States a couple of short decades ago, I spent my time acquiring important life skills – ranging from how to fake a wrist fracture in order to obtain a purple cast, to how to craft a teepee replica out of a paper bag.
The latter art was perfected in accordance with the holiday of Thanksgiving, which arrived each November to great fanfare, and which, in addition to teepee replication, required my classmates and I to mass-produce turkey drawings, paper Pilgrim hats, and modified, feathered headdresses.
These materials were then incorporated into our reenactments of the “original” Thanksgiving feast: that mythologised, gastronomic encounter of 1621 between Pilgrims and Native Americans that now serves as a cornerstone of the fairytale version of US history.
On the surface, it may seem that there’s not much to criticise about a holiday based on gratitude and eating – especially when it’s accompanied by absurd spectacles like the presidential turkey pardon.
But a glance at the historical context of Thanksgiving reveals a thoroughly nauseating affair.
|President Ronald Reagan seems startled as John Hendrick, President of the National Turkey Federation, presents him with the annual live “Thanksgiving Turkey” on November 16, 1984 at the White House. [AP Photo/Scott Stewart]|
Land grabs and massacres
For starters, as University of Texas journalism professor Robert Jensen reminds us in a dispatch on the AlterNet website, the very term “thanksgiving” is saturated with disgrace.
By 1637, Jensen writes, Massachusetts Bay Colony governor John Winthrop “was proclaiming a thanksgiving for the successful massacre of hundreds of Pequot Indian men, women and children” – a bloody pattern that would “repeat itself across the continent until between 95 and 99 percent of American Indians had been exterminated”.
The work of historian Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, author of An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States, serves up plenty of additional food for thought, on why Thanksgiving perhaps shouldn’t inspire too many warm-and-fuzzy feelings.
|Native Americans are depicted at the first Thanksgiving feast, in a scene from a 1960 educational film about the Pilgrims’ first year in America [AP]|
In a 2015 paper on the indisputable genocide of Native Americans, Dunbar-Ortiz explained point blank that settler colonialism in general “requires a genocidal policy” and that “Euro-American colonialism, an aspect of the capitalist economic globalization, had from its beginnings a genocidal tendency.”
Among the many, obvious financial perks of land theft, Dunbar-Ortiz noted that the seizure of Native American trade routes also prompted acute shortages of food and other necessities, thereby “weaken[ing] populations and forc[ing] them into dependency on the colonisers, with European manufactured goods replacing indigenous ones.”
So much for bountiful harvests.
In his book, A People’s History of the United States, late historian Howard Zinn outlined other mechanisms of capitalist dispossession. An 1814 “treaty” with the Creek nation, for example, functioned by “splitting Indian from Indian, breaking up communal landholding, bribing some with land, leaving others out – introducing the competition and conniving that marked the spirit of Western capitalism.”
Furthermore, US “land grabs” of Native American territory “laid the basis for the cotton kingdom, the slave plantations.”
In short, with such a sinister past on their plate, it’s no wonder US mythmakers prefer to focus on pumpkin pie and cranberry sauce.
In recent remarks headlined “I am tired of being invisible to you all,” rural development economist and indigenous rights activist Winona LaDuke summed up the logic underpinning the United States’ vigorous campaign to whitewash its criminal history vis-a-vis the Native Americans: “If you make the victim disappear, there is no crime.”
But how, exactly, to go about making victims disappear when US crimes are far from said and done with, and the ramifications of genocidal policy are ongoing?
There are, it seems, several possible approaches. Consider the fact that, as late as the 1970s, the forced sterilisation of Native American women in the US was not uncommon.
|A turkey float and a pilgrim woman float move down Broadway in New York City during the Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade on November 26, 1981 [AP]|
In other, even more literal instances of physical elimination, as CNN reported earlier this month, data from the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention shows that “Native Americans are killed in police encounters at a higher rate than any other racial or ethnic group.”
Case in point: just a few days prior to the CNN report, a 14-year-old Native American boy was gunned down by a US law enforcement official on a reservation in the state of Wisconsin.
Last year, meanwhile, the Independent observed that, of 29 Native Americans killed by US police between 1 May 2014 and 31 October 2015, “27 of those deaths received no coverage” in the media.
Talk about disappearing acts.
As it turns out, many of those killed suffered from mental illness. And indeed, one can easily argue that the prevalence of mental health conditions among Native American groups isn’t enormously surprising in light of continuous antagonism by US authorities and society, often in the form of socioeconomic ostracisation and environmental destruction – not to mention food insecurity.
It’s pretty clear, then, that a lot of people in the United States won’t have much to be thankful for this Thanksgiving. But at least there’s Black Friday to look forward to: the ode to gross overconsumption that directly follows the supposed day of gratitude (and that has been known to result in news headlines like “Wal-Mart worker killed in Black Friday shopping stampede”).
To be sure, the Black Friday phenomenon only befits a nation built on predatory capitalism – where material excess is rendered sacred, obscene inequality is the name of the game, and communal bonds are systematically obliterated along with any remaining potential for human symbiosis with the physical environment.
In the end, you don’t need to gorge yourself on turkey and stuffing to see that the United States itself is positively sick.
|Former President George W Bush holds a turkey called Biscuits by the neck during the Pardoning of the National Thanksgiving Turkey ceremony at the White House on November 17, 2004, in Washington. [AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais]|
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial policy.